The use of vehicle traveling data recorder plays an important role in preventing fatigue driving, speeding and other traffic violations, ensuring vehicle driving safety and analyzing and identifying road traffic accidents. As early as the 1970s, European Union, Japan and other countries began to force the installation and use of vehicle traveling data recorders on some passenger vehicles and freight cars in the form of legislation. The application at home and abroad shows that the vehicle traveling data recorder provides an effective law enforcement tool for the national administrative department, a management tool for road transport enterprises, and feedback information for drivers' driving activities. Its use plays a direct role in ensuring road traffic safety.
Since the late 1980s, China began to develop and use vehicle traveling data recorder. On September 1, 2003, China began to implement the recommended national standard vehicle traveling data recorder (GB / T 19056-2003); on May 1, 2004, the State Council promulgated the regulations on the implementation of the road traffic safety law of the people's Republic of China, On May 1, 2005, according to the regulations on the implementation of the traffic safety law, the No. 1 amendment to the national standard GB / t19056-2003 "vehicle traveling data recorder" was issued, and the limit value of overtime driving was changed to 4 hours. Since July 2004, the number 1 amendment of the national standard GB / t19056-2003 was issued, Vehicle traveling data recorder began to be used in the national bus and other vehicles.
In order to strengthen the management and use of vehicle traveling data recorder, the opinions on Further Strengthening the road traffic safety work of the national inter ministerial joint meeting on July 1, 2009 clearly put forward "strengthening the dynamic safety supervision of key vehicles. The industry and information technology department, together with the public security, transportation, safety supervision, quality inspection and other departments, shall study and put forward the implementation steps and plans for the promotion of vehicle traveling data recorder (including satellite positioning function), and jointly formulate and issue the management regulations on the installation and use of vehicle traveling data recorder; in 2009, it shall take the lead in large-scale commercial passenger cars, hazardous chemical transport vehicles, etc It is compulsory to install and use vehicle traveling data recorder on school bus, and establish dynamic monitoring information platform to realize data sharing among departments and strengthen dynamic safety supervision. In order to cooperate with the implementation of the requirements of the inter ministerial joint meeting and better standardize the vehicle traveling data recorder, 2009
On July 23, 2003, the National Technical Committee for standardization issued the task of revising the standard of vehicle traveling data recorder.
Based on the investigation of technology, management and other aspects, the standard working group has determined the principles of the revision of the standard: first, improve the communication protocol and unify the product form; second, appropriately expand the basic functions and improve the product technical level.
In this revision, the functional requirements, technical indicators and test methods of vehicle traveling data recorder refer to foreign advanced standards, and the technical indicators and test methods of the products continue to be consistent with the provisions of relevant foreign standards as far as possible. At the same time, the content of this standard also fully considers the actual situation of road traffic management, road transportation and the technical level of vehicle traveling data recorder.